European Communities


什么是CE 标识?
CE 是法语“Conformité Européenne” 即“欧共体”的缩写,是产品进入欧盟的强制标识。标注CE mark 就是说明产品符合了一个或多个适用的EC欧盟指令。CE标志中,字母C与E的两个圆相切, 其直径至少5mm, 笔划至少1mm粗细, 字体的粗细是高度的五分之一。
CE mark的使用不规范举例:
1) 尺寸或者规格不符合要求;    
2) 产品采用了错误的标准或者指令;
3) 产品采用了旧版的标准或者指令;
4) 测试报告和技术文件没有符合相关的指令和对应标准的要求,并且没有包含欧盟OSM, 国际CTL, 德国EK等适用的决议文件
对于不符合欧盟认证、标准法规、市场发现不合格的产品以及制造商、贸易商,欧盟通过Rapid Alert Syetem在欧盟委员官方网址进行每周通报。详情可以通过以下网址查阅 Safety Gate 

CE mark作用
根据欧盟指令Directive (EU) 2015/1535、OJ C22、NLF 以及欧共体EEA和扩展区域EFTA内成员国间Member states达成的EC条约,目前29类指令内的产品(如电气、压力、医疗、建材等)如果符合欧盟规定的相应法规要求并且标注CE标识后,可以在欧盟所有成员国内进行销售(如果需要标注其它标识如能效标签等也需要同时标注)。目前欧盟成员包括占接近5亿人口的32个主要成员国。
谁对CE mark产品负责?
制造商需要确保进入欧盟的每个产品符合相应的法规(包括那些由用户或者代理商在国外安装的产品和配件)。对于欧盟市场上销售的产品,如果官方抽检,制造商需要在10个工作日内提供与该产品相关的符合要求的技术文档包括测试报告、证书和产品信息资料。对于不符合规定或者伪造测试数据以及滥用CE标识的产品,欧盟会进行通告召回的处理,并且根据情况处以最高7千万欧元的罚金。这些技术文档保存需要自产品最后制造日期起5年或者10年(例如低电压指令2014/35/EU规定10年,新能源标签指令2012/27/EU规定5年)。
 
What does CE stand for? 
CE is the abbreviation of “European commucities” and symbolises to custom officials that the product marked complies with one or more relevant EC-directives. The CE marking must be affixed visibly, legibly and indelibly to the product or to its data plate. A minimum height of 5 mm is required to ensure that it is legible. However, where this is not possible or not warranted on account of the nature of the product, it must be affixed to the packaging, if any, and to the accompanying documents, where the directive concerned provides for such documents.
Illegal cases for products marked with CE:
1) The size or symbol is incorrect
2) The standard and directive is wrong;
3) The obsolete standard or directive is employed;
4) The technical file and test report is not prepared following the standard and directive, for example, Annex IV in 2014/35/EU. The related decisions adopted by EK or CTL is not under consideration.
CE marking – new campaign and other facts
On 28 October 2015, the European Commission presented a new Single Market Strategy to deliver a deeper and fairer Single Market that will benefit both consumers and businesses. The CE marking is the visible symbol showing that the manufacturer has taken all necessary measures to ensure that the product complies with the applicable safety legislation. It plays a crucial part in the New Legislative Framework for the EU internal market for goods which entered into force at the beginning of 2016. The procedures, measures and sanctions that apply to counterfeiting of the CE marking vary according to the respective Member State's national administrative and penal law. Depending on the seriousness of the crime, economic operators may be liable to a fine and, in some circumstances, imprisonment. However, if the product is not regarded as an imminent safety risk, the manufacturer may be given a second opportunity to ensure that the product is in conformity with the applicable legislation before being obliged to take the product off the market. For more refer to "The Blue Guide".